Medieval military costume - Catalan knights from the 13th to the beginning of the 15th century - Archaeological study
In the Middle Ages, the armor that the noble man proudly wore on many occasions, whether for parade, tournament, or war, was a sign of power that marked the character's place in the hierarchy. This is why armor is often found on seals or funerary monuments. Thanks to its alliances and conquests, Catalonia radiated throughout the Mediterranean basin during the medieval period. It shelters an important concentration of recumbents which unveil the stylistic influences coming as well from the exchanges with Great Britain as with the countries of the East. As for seals, however small they are, they have the advantage of showing warriors in full dress and this as early as the twelfth century, so long before the appearance of the first recumbent.
Archaeologist at Inrap in the Mediterranean region, associate researcher at LA3M UMR 7298 in Aix-en-Provence, Sylvain Vondra is a former student of the Ecole du Louvre and the EHESS Paris IV. Interested in the Frankish settlement in the Middle East during the Crusades, he participated in several excavation campaigns in Syria, Jordan and Cyprus. Since the 2000s, he specializes in the study of medieval weapons and armor through funerary monuments. After visiting the monuments of Catalonia, he embarked on a prospection inventory throughout the French territory.