In the East War without End, 1918-1923
Fom 5 October 2018 to 20 January 2019
While the conflicts in Western Europe came to an end on 11 November 1918, fighting in Eastern Europe and the Near East continued until 1923. The exhibition retraces the fall of four great empires - Russian, Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian and German - and explores this little-known period in history marked by revolutions, civil wars, major border shifts and the creation of new states.
In the wake of the Russian February and October revolutions and the signing of the Treaty of Brest Litovsk between Russia and the Central Powers on 3 March 1918, fighting seemed to be diminishing in the east despite the Russian Civil War. However, in the west, the signing of this treaty allowed Germany to redeploy 50 divisions to the Western Front. From the 21 March, fighting became fiercer, and in spring Germany launched a series of short-lived attacks. In August 1918, the allied forces launched a counterattack and forced the German Empire into negotiating an armistice that was finalised on 11 November 1918.